Europeans For Medical Advancement (EFMA) is available in Europe for consultation on the scientific aspects of using animals in testing and research. EFMA represents the patient advocacy organisation Patients Campaigning For Cures (PCFC). Established in 2014, PCFC is a campaign run by patients for patients to speed up the arrival of new treatments and cures, and is founded by a young lady with multiple sclerosis. EFMA also advises the organization For Life On Earth (FLOE). Since its launch in 2013, FLOE has established a campaign with MPs at the UK Parliament. PARLIAMENTARY EARLY DAY MOTIONS 150 members of the UK Parliament, to date, have signed five Early Day Motions (EDMs) highlighting the human cost of experiments on animals. The EDMs call for a properly moderated public scientific debate about claims that experiments on animals can predict the responses of human patients. Supporting politicians include Jeremy Corbyn MP, leader of the Labour Party, Diane Abbott MP, Shadow Secretary of State, Caroline Lucas MP, ex-leader of the Green Party, Tim Farron, ex-leader of the Liberal Democrat Party; Sir Alan Meale MP and Sir Greg Knight MP. The latest EDM 66 has now closed for the UK General Election. EDM 66 was tabled by Kelvin Hopkins MP and includes a reference to Patients Campaigning For Cures. The EDM cites up-to-date scientific understanding and references penicillin which was delayed for human use by over a decade because it has no effect on rabbits. Discovered by Alexander Fleming, here is the Fleming on animal testing: ‘How fortunate we didn’t have these animal tests in the 1940s, for penicillin would probably never have been granted a license and the whole field of antibiotics might never have been realised.’  The purification of penicillin, by Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, helped it become the miracle cure which has saved millions of human lives. Here is Howard Florey on the toxicity tests he used: ‘Mice were used in the initial toxicity tests because of their small size, but what a lucky chance it was for in this respect man is like the mouse and not the guinea pig. If we had used guinea pigs exclusively we should have said that penicillin was toxic and we probably should not have proceeded to try and overcome the difficulties of producing the substance for trial in man.’ (Emphasis added)  The Shadow Secretary of State Diane Abbott MP has signed two EDMs. here she is on BBC TV’s ‘This Week’ The Debate Conditions called for by the EDMs have been endorsed as “well set out and fair” by Britain’s human rights defence barrister Michael Mansfield QC . These debate conditions are also what AFMA endorses for debates in the US. A recently published book chapter by Dr Ray Greek and finance professor Lisa Kramer titled 'How to evaluate the science of non-human animal use in biomedical research and testing: a propsed format for debate' outlines the format for this peer reviewed science hearing. OPEN LETTER led by Ricky Gervais, BBC naturalist Chris Packham, Dr. Jane Goodall DBE, Downton Abbey stars Peter Egan and Lesley Niol. An Open Letter addressed to Prof. Colin Blakemore, the UK's leading proponent of animal experiments, calls for him to agree to the rigorous public scientific debate, as called for by Parliamentary EDM 66. The Open Letter is included in a New Statesman piece calling for the debate. DR. JANE GOODALL calls for the rigorous public scientific debate RICKY GERVAIS launches a campaign with FLOE's newly adopted Beagle Ambassador, beautiful rescued ex-laboratory dog, Scarlett. In April 2018, FLOE launched their new campaign with a beautiful rescued ex-laboratory dog, Scarlett, Beagle Ambassador for FLOE. K9 Magazine published photos of Scarlett with Ricky Gevais and Peter Egan, and Scarlett's role as Beagle Ambassador for FLOE began. SCARLETT BEAGLE WINS INSPIRATIONAL ANIMAL OF THE YEAR In September 2018, Scarlett was awarded the coveted Daily Mirror, Animal Hero Award 'Inspirational Animal of the Year' for her part in helping Ricky Gervais call for a rigoruous public science hearing, judged by independent experts from the relevant fields of science. SCARLETT BEAGLE'S SOCIAL MEDIA PAGES have become a global focus for current scientific knowledge and FLOE's campaign for a science hearig to end animal experiments. Visit Scarlett's twitter page and her Facebook to keep in touch with updates. THE NATIONAL CAMPAIGN 'OPPOSE B&K UNIVERSAL' FLOE illustrate the scientific evidence for the UK’s high profile Beagle campaign Oppose B&K Universal – Beagles being the breed of dog chosen for laboratory experiments internationally. Oppose B&K Universal are the original local resident campaign – turned national! – which has been fighting B&K Universal for the past 7 years: B&K Universal obtained planning permission to extend their Beagle breeding unit to now breed around 2,000 Beagles annually for experiments that The British Medical Journal (BMJ) reports as not capable of predicting the responses of human patients. The BMJ published an Editor’s Choice in June 2014 titled How Predictive and Productive is Animal Research?  this article concluded by quoting from the paper it cited: 'If research conducted on animals continues to be unable to reasonably predict what can be expected in humans, the public’s continuing endorsement and funding of preclinical animal research seems misplaced'. (Emphasis added). THE VESTED INTERESTS ARE DELAYING THE DBEATE The UK’s lobbying group for the animal experimentation community Understanding Animal Research (UAR) has publically agreed, via the Twitter platform, to participate in a properly moderated, public scientific debate as called for by the EDMs. However, UAR are now stonewalling the debate hearing by refusing to submit the name of their main speaker, and this is delaying the debate indefinitely. FLOE’s SUPPORTERS FLOE’s Patron is the acclaimed actor and Downton Abbey star Peter Egan, supporters include premeninet primatologist Dr. Jane Goodall; BBC naturalist Chris Packham; world famous comedian Ricky Gervais; primatologist and TV wildlife presenter Dr Charlotte Uhlenbroek, filmed on location with gorillas below; the UK’s the long established Beagle Association, formed in 1962; the great concert pianist John Lill CBE and Downton Abbey’s cook, ‘Mrs Patmore’, the actress Lesley Nicol. EFMA HAVE A TRACK RECORD OF SUCCESS IN THE UK Having given many BBC radio and television interviews, Dr Greek and EFMA become the chief scientific witness for an historic animal protection coalition in 2002/2003, formed to oppose plans by Cambridge University to build a new non-human primate laboratory - one of the UK’s most high profile planning applications. Cambridge University applied to build their new lab on Green Belt land, and therefore had to prove claims that experimenting on non-human primates was scientifically and medically in the ‘national interest’. After a two week inquiry, in which EFMA submitted a written Proof of Evidence in addition to five hours of oral witness testimony from Dr Greek, Cambridge University's plans to build this lab were defeated with a precedent ruling on medical and scientific national interest grounds. The laboratory was not built after the Government Inspector ruled: ‘On the basis of the technical input, therefore, I could not conclude that need in the national interest is demonstrated insofar as this pertains to the scientific/medical research and procedures undertaken by the University’. References 1. Parke DV: Clinical Pharmacokinetics in Drug Safety Evaluation. ATLA 1994, 22:207-209. 2. Florey H: The advance of chemotherapy by animal experiment. Conquest 1953, 41:12. 3. BMJ 2014;348:g3719 (available here) Please watch this space for further news about EFMA. You can also like Patients Campaigning For Cures and follow their Twitter; like FLOE’s Facebook page and follow their Twitter and keep in touch with all the latest updates through Scarlett Beagle's twitter and facebook pages.